Visit Website When Alexander was 13, Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Between and over a third of his satraps were superseded and six were put to death, including the Persian satraps of PersisSusiana, Carmania, and Paraetacene; three generals in Mediaincluding Cleanderthe brother of Coenus who had died a little earlierwere accused of extortion and summoned to Carmania, where they were arrested, tried, and executed.
Alexander then marched for three days to the Danubeencountering the Getae tribe on the opposite shore. He planned to lead part of his forces back by land, while the rest in perhaps to ships under the command of Nearchus, a Cretan with naval experience, made a voyage of exploration along the Persian Gulf.
Native languages, LithuanianUkrainian and Belarussianwere completely banned from printed texts, the Ems Ukase being an example. Marching west into Illyria, Alexander defeated each in turn, forcing the two rulers to flee with their troops. It was probably in connection with a general order now sent out to the Greeks to honour Hephaestion as a hero that Alexander linked the demand that he himself should be accorded divine honours.
Asia will be won by the Macedonian spear.
Alexander responded quickly, driving them from their territory. The same effect was achieved by another measure of modernization, the abolition of serfdom.
Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum; photograph, J. But before he was able to pursue his second goal, Philip was assassinated. The Iranian satraps were perhaps not efficient, for, out of 18, 10 were removed or executed—with what justice it is no longer possible to say.
Whether it is satiety, or the loneliness of despotism, or fear of a violent death, I know not, but it was a visage of, I should think, habitual mournfulness.
With the Athenians lost, the Thebans were surrounded. Porus was captured and like the other local rulers he had defeated, Alexander allowed him to continue to govern his territory. Thus, the relaxation of Russian rule in Poland led to patriotic street demonstrations, attempted assassinations, and, finally, into a national uprising that was only suppressed with some difficulty—and under threat of Western intervention on behalf of the Poles.
This proves that there was collaboration and we will see below that on at least one occasion, Alexander asked the Magians for advice. However, it appears Philip never intended to disown his politically and militarily trained son. After the Philotas affair, our sources do not mention generals like Parmenion anymore.
Campaigning against the Greek city of PerinthusAlexander is reported to have saved his father's life.
Life Of Alexander The Great #35 – The Philotas Affair In this episode, Alexander has to deal with THE PHILOTAS AFFAIR. Philotas, the son of Philip's old general, Parmenion, and currently commander of Alexander's Companion Cavalry, is accused of [ ].
Alexander Alexander the Great (*; r. ): the Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, Babylonia, Persis, Media, Bactria, the Punjab, and the valley of the Indus.
Chapter Alexander The Great. STUDY. PLAY. Alexander The Great. Changed the Greek world forever. Death in marked the end of the Classical Period.
Son of Philip II. Alexandria. The first city Alex founded, in Egypt. Antipater. Nov 09, · Watch video · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever.
Start studying Chapter Alexander the Great. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Alexander II: Alexander II, emperor of Russia (–81). His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation () of the serfs.Alexander the great 11