Although the Czech Parliament already had approved the treaty, Czech Pres. Treaty of Rome —92 The continental territories of the member states of the European Union European Communities precoloured in order of accession. After much negotiation, and following a change in the French PresidencyDenmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom with Gibraltar eventually joined the European Communities on 1 January Parliament's presidency was once again divided between the People's Party and the Socialists, with Jerzy Buzek elected as the first President of the European Parliament from an ex-communist country.
The early foreign policy experience of the EU led to foreign policy being emphasised in the Treaty of Amsterdam which created the High Representative. To address this problem, the EU considered a stratified system under which subsets of countries would participate in some components of economic integration e.
This left two rival ideologically opposed superpowers. With Parliament raising objections to a number of his candidates he was forced to withdraw his selection and try once more. After much negotiation, and following a change in the French PresidencyDenmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom with Gibraltar eventually joined the European Communities on 1 January The SEA introduced qualified majority voting for all legislation related to the completion of the common market.
Members also made several attempts to manage their exchange rates collectively, resulting in the establishment of the European Monetary System in The president of the council, whose office rotates among council members every six months, manages the legislative agenda.
Medieval Christendom   and the political power of the Papacy   are also often cited as conducive to European integration and unity. This is a great experiment, really, in cooperation amongst nations, who wish to be economically unified, ceding as little political and national power as possible, and it will be interesting to see how this unfolds.
At the end of the war, several western European countries sought closer economic, social, and political ties to achieve economic growth and military security and to promote a lasting reconciliation between France and Germany.
The following year, Austrians commemorated 1, years of common history.
This has resulted in a glut of workers for some markets, particularly lower skill and manual labor jobs. Council meetings are chaired by a minister from the country that currently holds the presidency.
The members that qualified were to decide whether to proceed to the final stage—the adoption of a single currency. The maximum number of seats on the Commission was set at 27, the number of commissioners appointed by members was made the same at one each, and the president of the Commission was given greater independence from national governments.
To manage the ECSC, the treaty established several supranational institutions: Two subsequent treaties revised the policies and institutions of the EU. Signing of the Treaty of Rome, March 25, Qualified majority voting in the Council of Ministers was extended to several new areas.
Euratom was to integrate sectors in nuclear energy while the EEC would develop a customs union among members. Inthe fifth enlargement completed with the accession of Romania and Bulgaria on 1 January But indisappointed at what they saw as the lack of progress within the Council of Europe, six nations decided to go further and created the European Coal and Steel Communitywhich was declared to be "a first step in the federation of Europe".
The treaty consisted of three main pillars: Its scheme of law and regulation is meant to create, in some ways, a cohesive economic entity of its countries, so that goods can flow freely across the borders of its member nations, without tariffs, with the ease of one currency, and the creation of one enlarged labor pool, which should at least theoretically create a more efficient distribution and use of Inthe first direct elections to the European Parliament were held.
Although several countries failed to meet the convergence criteria e. Approval of legislation by qualified voting required the support of members representing at least 62 percent of the EU population and either the support of a majority of members or a supermajority of votes cast.
The Lisbon treaty finally came into force on 1 December Parliament finally approved Barroso II, though once more several months behind schedule.
The ECJ was granted the authority to impose fines on members for noncompliance. Because of the Schengen agreements with 29 of the European countries including the European Economic Agreement countries like Norway, you can also travel through much of the EU without dealing with customs and immigration between countries, just like EU citizens.
Also, in Slovenia adopted the euro,  Malta and Cyprus in  and Slovakia in Repeated rumors that Greece would be forced to withdraw from the euro failed to materialize amid disagreement as to whether the move was legally possible as it was not covered in the Maastricht Treaty.
Economically, the biggest visible result of the EU is in the acceptance and use of the euro as the sole currency in almost all member countries.
Also, in Slovenia adopted the euro,  Malta and Cyprus in  and Slovakia in This was the first of several enlargements which became a major policy area of the Union see: For example, differences in national health and safety standards for consumer goods were a potential impediment to trade.
An amended version of the treaty officially took effect on November 1, History of the European Coal and Steel Community —57 After two devastating world wars, the political climate favoured an international unity that could preserve peace in Europe effectively.
It gave the meetings of the EPC a legal basis, and it called for more intensive coordination of foreign policy among members, though foreign policy decisions were made outside community institutions. The modern European Union traces its origins to economic coalitions formed between Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands during the s.
Full market unity, however, did not come into force until with the introduction of the Euro. As European prosperity grew, so did the ambitions of the EU. The primary purpose of the European Union is b) to allow more trades between countries.
However, it is important to remember that it encompasses a, c and d as well because movement of peoples and goods is incremental to the European Union and the common currency facilitates this/5(11).
The primary purpose of the European Union is b) to allow more trades between countries. However, it is important to remember that it encompasses a, c and d as well because movement of peoples and goods is incremental to the European Union and the common currency facilitates this/5(11).
The European Union is a geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European continent.
It is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions that have taken it from 6 member states to 28, a majority of the states in Europe.
Inadvocating the creation of a European economic union, Three pillars of the European Union: European Communities Although, the EU is independent from Council of Europe, they share purpose and ideas especially. The European union is a society in which people come together in order to keep peace and security within their nations.
The Union was officially founded in by 5 countries. Germany, France.The purpose in the creation of the european union